Golden Apples are a completed series of allegorical abstract paintings made with standard, metallic and iridescent acrylics painted on small 40 x 30 cm canvases. PLEASE accept that the Greek Gods & Goddesses are open to much speculation and alternative names, alternative spellings, relationships & connections. So as a trained scientist it tends to do my head in, so to speak. It is possible to trace Golden Apples and Greek Gods in triplets. As with any of my abstract artworks suspend reason and come on a journey with me into my art...
Golden Apples  Helios, Selene & Eos.
Helios the sun god. Selene the moon goddess & Eos the dawn. Eos from the edge of the oceans surrounding the world... In some solar myths the sun is paired with the moon. The two may be husband and wife or brother and sister. In the mythology of many Native Americans, the sun god and moon god are sister and brother who became forbidden lovers. In some accounts, the moon flees in shame when he learns that his lover is also his sister. This is why the moon leaves the sky when the sun comes near.
Golden apples  The Hesperides.
The Hesperides were the guardians of the Golden Apples given by Gia [earth goddess] to Hera [love & marriage] when she married Zeus [king of the gods, ruler of Olympos]. The Hesperides are Aegel [sun, light, radiance]. Erethea [red]. Hesperos [evening, swift]. All three are the source of the golden light of sunset.
Golden apples  Selene, Artemis & Phoebe.
Selene?Is an ancient deity the daughter of the Titans Hyperion & Theia and possibly pre-dating the Olympos deities where Artemis & Luna. She is described as being 'fair-winged' by Homer [a bird-reference?]. Selene is classically depicted as a beautiful pale-faced woman. Selene is possibly derived from Selas as in Boreion Selas meaning 'brightness' as in the modern Greek for the Aurora Borealis [the Northern Lights]. Then there is Selenolgy the study of our moon's geology and the chemical element Selenium..... Artemis? An ancient Greek deity [goddess] the daughter of Zeus & Leto also the twin of Apollo. Later as a Titaness she became a moon goddess along with Selene. Homer refers to her as 'The Mistress of the Animals', the goddess of the hunt........ Phoebe? The gold-wreathed one also one of the original Titans and along with Selene also associated with the moon. The mother of Leto..the grandmother of Apollo & Artemis....... Titans? A race of powerful deities, the descendants of Gaia, the Primal earth goddess & Uranus, the Sky Father. The Titans ruled during the Golden Age [one of some 5-6 or more?] a period of primordial peace, harmony, stability & prosperity...Further generations of Titans followed.
Golden Apples  Heracles, Atlas & King Eurystheus.
Heracles, the hero, finally returned to the court of king Eurystheus having completed his penultimate task. The capture of the three golden apples guarded by the Hesperides. In order to do this he had to dupe Atlas into helping him. Heracles presented the three golden apples to king Eurystheus, while he appreciated their beauty he was bewildered by them and did not know what to do with them, and handed them back to Heracles. Unsure of himself as what he should do, Heracles asked for guidance from his constant supporter, Athena. She took them back to the garden of the Hesperides, as the law of the gods commanded that they should remain in the garden far to the west but close to Mount Atlas.
Golden apples  Atlanta, Hippomenes & Aphrodite.
Atlanta was a very beautiful goddess who could run as fast as a deer. She had been told by an oracle that marriage would bring her bad-luck. Her father, none the less wanted her married off. It was agreed between them that if a suitor could out-run her then she would marry...many tried & failed. Hippomenese [aka Melanion] knew that in a fair foot-race he would never win. The Cypriot Greek goddess Aphrodite aware of his plight, gave him three golden apples...sort of drop them along the way...hope she stops & picks them up...it worked...he won the hand of Atlanta in marriage...but he forgot to say thank you to Aphrodite. She turned the happy couple into lions...The oracle was correct.
Golden Apples  The Finale.
The ' Golden Apple' is a mystical forbidden fruit that figures widely in many ethnic folk legends. In some it is the divine food of the gods. Perhaps even the source of mortality. These mystic golden apples are in fabled, distant orchards and fiercely protected by a variety of monsters. Being golden these apples are the object of both desire and theft. Perhaps even in the distant biblical tracts the apple of Adams temptation? The Golden apples are also the genesis of the Trojan War. In most of the European ethnic folk legends the golden apples, in addition to the Greek Myths, are stolen from various kings [Russia, Germany, Serbia, Bulgaria & Romania]. These golden apples figure in art, poetry & operas. The golden apple of Greece was perhaps the Golden Quince originating in the middle east. It could also be the magical Cathay Golden Orange [oranges magically & uniquely] fruit & flower at the same time. From the land of the Inca's we have The Golden Apple [pommo d'oro] the love apple...the tomato. The Three Golden Balls? The symbol of Lombardy and the Lombard financial family adopted by the money lending pawnbrokers!...a leap of faith is required here. This is the finale of this story...it gets just too complicated within the Norse Gods!